The Remington Volume & Curl AS7051 comes with two different brush sizes, 50mm and 21mm as well as a 30mm retractable bristle brush so it is suitable for almost all hair types.  It’s a powerful product at 1,000 watts so gets the job done quickly and with minimum fuss.  Programmed with two heat and two speed settings as well as a cool shot it’s a good all over product and proves good value for money.  Out of 137 customer reviews, it has an overall score of 79 5 stars and 28 4 stars.  The only downsides are the on/off switch is not positioned well so often can be switched off during use and it is quite a large product to handle!
This is my second ghd straightener in 5 years. I will not buy another brand. It doesn’t burn your hair but will straighten it in no time at all
Wax on, wax off; we bet that’s the most in-depth thinking you’ve given to wax. Not only is it unclear how or what the stuff is, most companies slap labeling on products even when they’re not technically a wax! Here’s the deal, wax products feel just like the name says; waxy. They will feel spongy and have a thicker grip when you work it between your hands and leaves hair with a natural matte finish that can have a bit of shine. If you’re into edgy hairstyles with exaggerated lines and textured, piecey strands, then wax is ideal. The light shine also makes it perfect for formal styles like pompadours.  
I purchased this item almost a year ago and it's still working as well as when I first bought it. Strongly recommend to someone who wants their hair to look great and wants it to last longer than the typical hair straightener.

Very well presented straightener that is fairly heavy and robust. My partner had a ghd for many years before this and was always really happy. This is even better. It comes with a nice bag but not much else. It heats up fast and does a really good job. I hope this will be just as relaible as her previous ghd model.


Love this product. Had my last one same thing lasted 9 yrs till I dropped it. Great straightener.
absolutely amazing I have long super thick curly hair and I couldn't believe how well the ghd worked. I've used a chi for years and the ghd is a million times better. One pass and my hair is super straight. I wish I had bought one years ago.
If you have stubborn, never-listens-to-me-no-matter-what-I-do hair, titanium is the material you need to set your eye on. Titanium is a metal that is excellent at conducting heat which means that your plates heat up quickly. This metal also keeps heat consistent so there are minimal changes in temperature that could damage your hair in the long run. What makes this great for thick, curly, unruly hair is that it can reach and maintain a high heat for quite a bit of time AND emit 60% more negative ions than ceramic. These two characteristics mean that you get to de-frizz your hair in a shorter amount of time with fewer number of passes.
For the last 12 years I've been saying I don't need ghd's my hair is straight already. And my 20 cheap straightens work just as well bough these during the prime day sale. And I can't believe I've lived all this time with out them. So smooth. And been able to make styles I've only dreamed of before.
It’s always good hair day with this
Whether you have particularly curly hair or thick locks, this T3 hair straightener is designed to leave you with a shiny finish in a fraction of the time of other hair straighteners on the market today. Specifically, the T3’s smart SinglePass technology maintains consistent heat throughout the entire plate to straighten all hair types with one glide.
Heat levels are most important, and everything else is tied for second place. The true benefit of these appliances is that lower temperatures are suitable for easily-damaged or thin-to-medium hair, so it’s crucial that they’re able to operate at the appropriate temperatures. 365° is considered optimal for medium-thick hair, and straightening very thin or brittle hair calls for temperatures closer to 300°. Some models also have settings as high as 450° for use on very thick or very curly hair.
Not sure which temperature setting is right for your hair? We recommend starting slow and building up to higher heat settings gradually. Not only will you be able to perfectly identify the optimal heat setting for your hair, but you will also avoid overheating. After all, very few of us actually need upwards of 400° F to see the salon results we’ve always wanted!
The Dafni is a “paddle” or “flat brush” type of hair brush straightener, while the BaBylissPRO Nano Titanium is a “barrel” or rotating hair brush straighteners. In general, the “paddle” design is best if you are just after a brush to straighten your hair and the “barrel” design is best if you want to add some volume & shine, curl and style your hair (or have “very” long hair).
If hair is pinned too tightly, or the whole updo slips causing pulling on the hair in the follicle at the hair root, it can cause aggravation to the hair follicle and result in headaches. Although some African-Americans may use braiding extensions (long term braiding hairstyle) as a form of convenience and/or as a reflection of personal style, it is important not to keep the braids up longer than needed to avoid hair breakage or hair loss. Proper braiding technique and maintenance can result in no hair damage even with repeated braid styles.
I had some concern that this iron was counterfeit. I had purchased knockoff chi irons unbeknownst to me on this site before. Fortunately as I found ghd has a verification tool on their site. Take the time to register your iron there to make sure it's not a fake ... As far as the iron itself it is a sturdy quality iron that heats up lightning fast. It even has a beep to let you know it's ready to go. I especially love the 30 minute automatic shut off feature a must for forgetful people like me
This one’s the LBD of all hair straighteners. With 100 percent pure tourmaline ceramic plates, the classic tool will never lose its luster (and neither will your hair). No need to tug or pull, as this tool is made with a small suspension system — the floating plates adjust to compress your hair while styling. And with a fully-rotating swivel power cord, you’ll have all the styling control in your hands.
Heats up quick. Yes I would definitely recommend this product to a friend. Cost a little more than others but well worth it.

ghd styler is the best. Had it for years


I love this straightener I have super long thick hair...naturally wavy frizzy. This straightens my hair easily. I used to have a chi but it eventually broke short in the wire...apparently this happens to all chis so I had to buy a new one. I think the ghd works better than the chi

these are genuine have just registered them with ghd don't believe the reviews that say they aren't. If the seller is amazon then they are genuine
If you are interested in adding the benefits of keratin use into other aspects of your hair care routine, treat yourself to a keratin-rich hair mask once per week! There are dozens of fantastic keratin masks on the market to choose from (and even in your local drugstore!), but we love Naat’s Brazilian Keratin Intensive Hair Mask (which you can buy here from Amazon) for a consistent shine every time!

Love this straightener


The ghd classic 1 inch styler is the bomb it heats up in seconds after being turned on feels balanced and streamlined in my hand has a swivel cord that never gets tangled and safety guards at the tip to prevent accidental burns. I can now style my long hair in half the time it formerly took.


From the time of the Roman Empire[citation needed] until the Middle Ages, most women grew their hair as long as it would naturally grow. It was normally little styled by cutting, as women's hair was tied up on the head and covered on most occasions when outside the home with a snood, kerchief or veil; for an adult woman to wear uncovered and loose hair in the street was often restricted to prostitutes. Braiding and tying the hair was common. In the 16th century, women began to wear their hair in extremely ornate styles, often decorated with pearls, precious stones, ribbons and veils. Women used a technique called "lacing" or "taping," in which cords or ribbons were used to bind the hair around their heads.[14] During this period, most of the hair was braided and hidden under wimples, veils or couvrechefs. In the later half of the 15th century and on into the 16th century a very high hairline on the forehead was considered attractive, and wealthy women frequently plucked out hair at their temples and the napes of their necks, or used depilatory cream to remove it, if it would otherwise be visible at the edges of their hair coverings.[15] Working-class women in this period wore their hair in simple styles.[14]
Sadly, the plates in the LumaBella Keratin Duel Touch Hair Straightener won’t begin to magically levitate on your bathroom sink! BUT they do float in the frame! They are specially engineered to deliver a consistent heat with a smooth glide, and their design enables a flexible grip on the straightener, giving you great results no matter how you hold it. Even better, it won’t tug or pull like so many others on the market. The result is pain-free styling in a fraction of the time!
Heats up fast. Does not rip hair or get hair caught in crevices. Works on thick curly middle eastern hair. Works great and quick on wavy hair also
I'd had a pair of nicky clarke straighteners that I couldn't seem to get on with and when I was given some amazon vouchers for christmas decided to take the plunge and buy the ghd's that everyone raves about. Well now I totally get why they rave about them. Very easy to use they straighten my thick and wavy hair in seconds. No repeating sections one sweep and the hair is straight and sleek holding the style until the next wash.yes they're pricy but in this instance you get what you pay for.
Amazing product.

Features like this prove that hair straighteners really have come a long way over the last decade, and the LumaBella Keratin Duel Touch Hair Straightener certainly doesn’t disappoint in this regard! When the terror of hair damage is removed from everyday straightening, there’s no limit to the styles you can create with a hair straightener like this making this an ideal choice for novice and expert stylists alike!
The current temperature is shown on the LCD screen, and the screen changes the color depending on how high the temperature is. According to the instructions, the blue one is for fine or fragile hair (0-370°F), the green one is for medium or wavy hair (375-395°F), and the red one is for coarse, resistant hair (400-425°F). The mode button also helps you to choose the right heat level for your hair type.
The plates in this techy tool house an internal microchip that constantly measures and maintains an even temperature. With no random hot or cold spots, you'll get smoother, straighter, strands in fewer passes. (Spoiler alert: Fewer passes equal less damage). Adjustable temperature settings — from 260 to 410 degrees — make this ideal for any and every hair texture.
You need to make sure that your flat iron is very light, feeling comfortable in your hand as you style your hair. You’ll also want it to have a tangle-free cord because that’s just a hassle you don’t want to have when you’re focusing on doing your ‘do right. Or, you can just go for a cordless hair straightener to get rid of that potential problem altogether.
True ghd product gets hot as soon as you turn it on. My fianc absolutely loves it. I will definitely continue to use amazon in the future.

“I’ve owned a Conair, Chi, and I-Tech straightener before, but this one is FABULOUS! There really is no tugging at all on your hair — so smooth, and I was shocked that it truly heats up in 15 seconds, as advertised! It also does something magical to my hair: It adds more shine like no flat iron has done before. Mind you, my hair is very difficult to deal with. It has always been coarse, wavy, dry, and thick! This iron worked beautifully on my hair.”


Ghd make fantastic hair straighteners it's as simple as that. My girlfriend won't use any other make. This gold professional limited edition styler is very stylish and looks fantastic but most importantly it goes a great job as a hair straightener.

I have owned this straightener for 9 years now and I absolutely love it use it multiple times a week.
If you are looking for volume for your fine hair then I would recommend the Vidal Sassoon VSHA6471UK which is a superb hot air styler.  Designed especially to give lift and volume from the root it will give you enviable curls and waves.  It is supplied with two brush sizes 19mm and 25mm so it’s ideal for shorter styles too (use the smaller brush) and gives a pleasing smooth finish that is tangle free.  You cannot fault the price either, on Amazon.co.uk this retails below the price of a salon blow-out.
love it...Worth It...This product would be great for thin or short hair and fantastic for swirls....I loved this styler two in one straightens and curles perfect cureles and beach waves takes me 5 min to straighten n style my hair I have pretty stabborn hair and most of all I like that it has only one button on/off so I don't have to think what temperature to choose )
perfection is the word to describe the ghd classic styler...it's easy to use and the hair style last longer than by using other regular stylers sold on the market...once you try it you will see the difference right away.
We usually roll our eyes at oil-infused heat tools — but you can actually watch this oil being sucked right out of the refillable cartridge in the handle. When you press the iron closed over your strands, the oil vapor seeps through tiny holes to condition and straighten your hair. And don't worry fine-haired friends: It made our tester's hair silkier, but not like she'd dipped it in an oil vat.
I had gone for years using mediocre flat irons not wanting to bite the bullet and just buy the expensive type. But man am I glad I finally did I've had this ghd for years now and it's never failed me. It heat up in seconds and doesn't fry your hair like other irons can. Would highly recommend spending a little bit more for a stellar product.
First, there are the temperature settings. Obviously, different hair requires a different heat level. The thicker your hair is, the higher level of heat you should apply to straighten it. I highly recommend you to read the instructions which usually say what temperature you should select for your particular hair type. This may vary a little bit from one flat iron to another. The general rule here is the less heat you apply, the better your hair condition will be. And always use a heat protectant, regardless of your hair type.

If your hair is fine, fragile or damaged you have to be careful with the temperature. Your locks require the lower heat to reduce the damage. The maximum heat level that you can apply on thin or damaged hair is 350°F. But maybe you should start with lower temperature, something like 170°F – and see if this would work. Also, thin damaged hair requires a flat iron with narrow plates so that you will be able to straighten it in one pass.

Ordered on 15 dec 2016 got it today warrenty garanteed and validated 18 dec2016 for 2 years


this flat iron blew my mind. It did in 5 minutes what my chi did in a half hour. One pass over hair and its done. Incredible.
I have an older chi styler that is wider so I thought I'd give this ghd 1 a try. It heats really quickly and beeps to let you know it's ready. It also has a flashing led light. Even though I have beyond shoulder length hair it is very fine in texture. This narrower styler worked better for me. I can curl the ends under or flip it easier than with the wider styler. It glides through my hair without any tugs or pulls. It has a sleep mode in case you forget to turn it off. After 30 minutes it starts to cool down. The only negative is that it's hard to set it on the counter like it shows in the picture because the black part is so rounded that it wants to fall over. My chi is slightly flattened I guess it doesn't hurt for it to lay on its side since there is a small gap between the plate and the edge of the styler so the plate doesn't make contact with the counter but I wouldn't go off and leave it. It has a swivel cord which is a must for this type of styler.i don't use a styler often because my hair is fragile but when I do I will probably reach for this one. It leaves my hair smooth and shiny. It comes very nicely boxed so it would make a nice gift.addition I didn't realize when I wrote this review that there was a controversy over fake ghd stylers but I just registered mine and it is the real thing.
Most straighteners will have either ceramic or tourmaline plates, although a few use titanium. Ceramic is the best choice for delicate, fine or color-treated hair because it heats evenly and a bit more slowly than tourmaline or titanium with no hot spots. Tourmaline and titanium, by contrast, heat up extremely quickly and can easily damage thin or sensitive hair before you’re even aware that it’s happened. For thick hair, though, tourmaline or titanium are the way to go; tourmaline has the added benefit of producing 20x more negative ions, making hair moist and silky and reducing frizz.
I love this product it arrived quickly and was exactly what I was looking for at a cheaper price
I absolutely love this thing best purchase ever I have dark annoying thick hair I'm asian and so a lion's mane look after hair drying isn't the best after using this ghd I would never turn back to a normal straightener I bought this in feb 2011 and after a year or so bad luck for me the ghd stopped working but without any hassle I sent it back to the manufacturers and they send me out a new one hassle free the 2nd one has had no problems think it may have been a product issue.i highly recommend this
Martin Penny, Gary Douglas, Susan Powls and Robert Powls founded ghd in 2001.[7][8] The three collaborated to buy the rights to a hair straightening iron from a South Korean inventor.[9] The brand quickly took off organically, and the company did not even begin advertising until two years after its launch.[10][11] By then, hair salons and word of mouth carried ghd to £12 million, against a forecast of between £3 million and £4 million.[9]

The L’Oréal Professionnel Steampod is unique in that unlike traditional hair straighteners, it relies on steam technology to straighten hair; reducing frizz and smoothing down the fibres. This technology provides gentle heat action which helps to minimise damage to the hair. Proven to be faster than other straighteners and giving up to 50% smoother hair, the Steampod is perfect for enhancing your blow-dry and giving you salon-perfect results each and every time.
bought one of these 8 years ago and it finally started going out so I ordered another one for my wife. Well worth the money in my opinion.
Work great
If you’re a hair straightening novice, you may be a little intimidated during the first few times you use your new flat iron. These feelings are totally normal (after all, you are putting 300+ degrees of heat right near your scalp!), but there is no need to worry. All you have to do is follow these simple steps and you will have the gorgeous, flowing hair you’ve always dreamt of in no time!
So in the last two years I had been using chi straightens...both broke within a year. My next instinct was to do some flat iron research and came up with the ghd gold flat iron. The price made me nervous being that I've never tried it yet however I was desperate and knew that it would somewhat meet my needs. It's been a month that I've been using this heaven sent product and I have absolutely no regrets.it warms up in literally 10 seconds and gives you a beeping sound when it's ready. One slide through the hair will give you a straight look. I have semi wavy hair so I just apply my heat protectant and flat iron sections and within 15 minutes I'm done you won't regret this purchase. It's also dual voltage which helps me out big time due to travelling.
In March 2013, ghd launched the "Eclipse" hair straightener, which uses six sensors in the plates to maintain a constant heat of 185 degrees celsius, a temperature ghd claims is the optimum temperature for styling results.[17] The consistent temperature reduces the time to style hair, particularly coarse hair that may previously taken multiple run throughs.[18] The Daily Mail called the Eclipse "The Rolls-Royce of irons".[19]
great product
I had the hsi professional which I thought was pretty good but this ghd flat iron definitely beats it in all aspect which it better be since the price is 3x as much . First I like it that it beeps to let you know that it's ready to be used after plugged in. Second it's very light so for a person with thick hair like me usually takes forever to smooth out all my hair it's less tiring. Last but not least it straightens just in 1 2 strokes and it lasts it cuts down my hair prep time by half if not more. Save up a little longer and get this instead of hsi which is also less compact
The titanium plates in the BaByliss Pro Nano Titanium Straightening Iron were designed to conduct high levels of heat (again, up to 450° F!) in a short amount of time. Coupled with the Nanotechnology that is packed in each plate, this hair straightener is ideal for anyone that experiences unwanted frizz or static on a regular basis! The titanium also acts as a barrier from corrosion keeping your hair straightener and precious strands free of build-up for years to come!
First, there are the temperature settings. Obviously, different hair requires a different heat level. The thicker your hair is, the higher level of heat you should apply to straighten it. I highly recommend you to read the instructions which usually say what temperature you should select for your particular hair type. This may vary a little bit from one flat iron to another. The general rule here is the less heat you apply, the better your hair condition will be. And always use a heat protectant, regardless of your hair type.
If being limited to only a handful of temperature settings isn’t really your cup of tea, look no further than the BaByliss Pro Nano Titanium Straightening Iron! This lightweight flat iron features a whopping 50 heat settings for hair types of all shapes, styles, textures, and colors making it one of the most versatile hair straighteners on our list.
With naturally curly read frizzy hair this miracle device is now my daily companion. Easy to use once you practice and only 15 minutes for really long hair.buy it you will love it ... And then start receiving amazing compliments about your gorgeous straight hair
The FemJolie flat straightening brush is convenient because of its lightweight, less than one pound. It’s extremely flexible because it allows you to select temperatures as low as 176° (too low for most users, but not bad for a brief touch-up) and as high as 450° (the right setting for those with very thick hair) in increments of 9°. The brush auto-locks at your selected temperature so you can’t burn your hair by mistake and so it automatically heats to the right temperature every time you use it; you can easily override the auto-lock if you choose.
7 21 14 I purchased this flat iron on may 25 2013. I've used this product every day since then with no issues. Also the styler is not a fake and I was able to register it on ghd's website with no problem. I only buy products that are ship and sold from amazon.com only maybe that is why so many people have received fakes I'm not sure. I have course thick hair and this flat iron has been wonderful. The plates are hot but doesn't damage my hair or the ends. I would recommend this flat iron.
my first ghd and I love it it take 2 second to heat up which is great because I'm always running late. It also gets a lot hotter then my old chi. The most important thing is the auto shut off. My mom leave the house 3 hours before I do most days and she would always forget to turn off the straightener now after 30 mins. It turns off and it beeps every 5 mins to tell me to turn off the switch. I don't worry about the house burning down. I also love how fast my hair is straightened. I also go this a sophora for 185.00 but knew to check amazon first and was very happy with the price. Told all my friends to get one too
However, the search for the best hair straightener for your specific hair type can be daunting. In fact, it’s always difficult when it comes to choosing the right hair tool, whatever that may be. After all, we’re talking about something that could make or break your crowning glory. Well, have no fear on this one. We’ve taken the heat off your hair to find out which of the best hair straighteners work best.
works like a dream. Better than any other iron I have used before. Heats up fast and love the auto turn off
The current temperature is shown on the LCD screen, and the screen changes the color depending on how high the temperature is. According to the instructions, the blue one is for fine or fragile hair (0-370°F), the green one is for medium or wavy hair (375-395°F), and the red one is for coarse, resistant hair (400-425°F). The mode button also helps you to choose the right heat level for your hair type.
“This flat iron is amazing! It is so small, it almost looks like a flat iron for a doll. Don’t let the size fool you. I have medium-thick, naturally curly hair, and this iron had no problem getting all of my hair straight. If you are used to a flat iron, you should have no problem using this. This is the best flat iron for traveling, the gym, or stashing in your desk at work. I would highly recommend this flat iron.”

A hairstyle, hairdo, or haircut refers to the styling of hair, usually on the human scalp. Sometimes, this could also mean an editing of facial or body hair. The fashioning of hair can be considered an aspect of personal grooming, fashion, and cosmetics, although practical, cultural, and popular considerations also influence some hairstyles.[1] The oldest known depiction of hair braiding dates back about 30,000 years. In ancient civilizations, women's hair was often elaborately and carefully dressed in special ways. In Imperial Rome, women wore their hair in complicated styles. From the time of the Roman Empire[citation needed] until the Middle Ages, most women grew their hair as long as it would naturally grow. During the Roman Empire as well as in the 16th century in the western world, women began to wear their hair in extremely ornate styles. In the later half of the 15th century and on into the 16th century a very high hairline on the forehead was considered attractive. During the 15th and 16th centuries, European men wore their hair cropped no longer than shoulder-length. In the early 17th century male hairstyles grew longer, with waves or curls being considered desirable.
I have used this styler before and absolutely love it I have wavy frizzy hair and it helps tremendously with the friz and it straightens so effortlessly. I had ordered this and they sent me one within 2 days I went to register it online and the code did not work even after mutiple times so I left the seller a feedback message that was not too nice which I do apologize for but they were absolutely fantastic. They sent me a new one in which the code did work so these are genuine ghd stylers. Amazing product and it makes it even more amazing with great customer service. I highly recommend this product and this seller. Thank you
the order came quickly and as I live in france I found the plug system smart the straightener does wonders in very little time even though I have long hair I no longer need a brush and either a third hand to hold the mirror while doing my hair at the back of my head or twist my head and hands so as to hold brush plus hair dryer to do the back. I just hold a mirror in one hand stand back to the mirror and with the other hand hold the ghd which I just keep passing through my hair until it looks silky. A marvel thanks ghd
after reading all the stuff about fake ghd flat irons I panicked and registered mine online. It went through fine. Mine says manufactured in china but I guess it is the real deal I have loved how my hair looks
it was real it registered and everything my wife loves it
I was very skeptical about buying a ghd iron because of the rumors about fakes. However I saved 90 by buying this from amazon amazon fulfilled not third party and it was an actual ghd product. I registered with ease on ghd website to prove authenticity. Thanks amazon
The ghd dry and style gift set contains both the ghd gold styler and ghd air hairdryer housed inside a large beautifully presented gold black gift box. Presentation is superb throughout.the smart styler has an advanced heat sensor and heats to no more than 185 c to maintain healthy hair while the round shape of the barrel is excellent for producing wavy curly or straight results. The styler hearts up in record time 25 seconds and has an automatic switch off function if they're unused after 30 minutes. There's also a protective plate included in the box for extra safety. An absolute joy to use and the plates are so smooth they glide through my hair in one sweep without tangling.the ghd air dryer is the first professional salon quality hairdryer from ghd. The shape and weight of the dryer are excellent and the design will suit either right or left handed users. There's a powerful motor inside the dryer 1800w ac which means quicker drying times and it's comfortable to move around as it's light and has a long 3m power cord. My hair tends to have a lot of static because it's so fine but this dryer is super fast and locks in moisture for excellent results. Has several power and temperature controls plus a cool shot button which gives off a blast of cool air to set curls or more ornate styles.these are both superb products and the presentation is so good they certainly have the 'wow' factor. More than happy to recommend.

While there are a lot of great options to choose from, our all-around top pick is the LumaBella Keratin Duel Touch Hair Straightener. Featuring unique, keratin-infused plates for optimal shine and less damage, the LumaBella Keratin Duel Touch Hair Straightener proves that technology really can make a difference when it comes to hair care! We also love this model’s innovative smart heat sensors that protect hair from heat damage and lock in moisture.


Excellent buying


I was nervous to purchase since some people got fakes but I risked it anyway. Mine just arrived and I was able to register it on the ghd website. I'm so excited to use it
the ghd works wonders on my hair. I have naturally wavy hair that can be difficult to straighten but this product takes care of business. I am definitely hooked definitely worth the money.
Introducing ghd curve®, the new range of curling irons & wands from ghd. Featuring tri-zone® technology for gorgeous, shiny, bouncy curls that last as long as you do. The protective cool tip provides you with a safe place to hold the hair in place while you curl, and the built-in safety stand allows you to place the wand down securely during styling.
Once you have purchased your new hair straightener and mastered the multitude of ways you can put it to good use, the only thing left to do is take care of it, so it lasts for years to come! Just like any luxury beauty tool, you will want to care for your hair straightener to extend its longevity and prevent corrosion (which can actually leak into your flowing locks…yuck!). Our top tips for caring for and cleaning your new hair straightener include:

all the family love ghd straighteners and we would not buy any other straighteners because of the fantastic quality and longevity of these items.
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